Kan Liou Print


  240-228-3279

  Kan.Liou@jhuapl.edu

: SES

:   Space Physicist

:  Heliophysics

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Degree Field of Study Year Attained Institution Name
Ph.D. Physics 1994 University of New Hampshire
M.S. Atmospheric Physics 1985 National Central University, ROC

My research includes study of space weather from the ionosphere/thermosphere to interplanetary space. It includes studies of auroral morphology, substorms, ionospheric/thermospheric storms, and global ULF waves with optical image, particle, field, and GPS-TEC data; inner proton radiation belt data analysis using NOAA satellite data; and solar wind and coronal mass ejections using global numerical magnetohydrodynamics simulation.

 
AGU Index Category AGU Index Sub-Category
MAGNETOSPHERIC PHYSICS Magnetosphere/ionosphere interactions
SPACE WEATHER Models
:
Start Year End Year Description
2007 Current Principal Professional Staff, JHUAPL
1999 2007 Senior Professional Staff, JHUAPL
1996 1999 Post-Doctoral Research, JHUAPL
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The following publication information was downloaded from

ORCID logo https://orcid.org/

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Kan Liou, Thomas Sotirelis, (2016), Response of northern winter polar cap to auroral substorms, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 4098-4105

Kan Liou, Chin-Chun Wu, (2016), A Possible Cause of the Diminished SolarWind During the Solar Cycle 23-24 Minimum, Solar Physics, 291, 3777-3792

P. T. Newell, K. Liou, J. W. Gjerloev, T. Sotirelis, S. Wing, E. J. Mitchell, (2016), Substorm probabilities are best predicted from solar wind speed, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 146, 28-37

Chin-Chun Wu, Kan Liou, Ronald P. Lepping, Lynn Hutting, Simon Plunkett, Russ A. Howard, Dennis Socker, (2016), The first super geomagnetic storm of solar cycle 24: "The St. Patrick's day event (17 March 2015)", Earth Planets and Space, 68

Chin-Chun Wu, Kan Liou, Angelos Vourlidas, Simon Plunkett, Murray Dryer, S. T. Wu, Richard A. Mewaldt, (2016), Global magnetohydrodynamic simulation of the 15 March 2013 coronal mass ejection eventInterpretation of the 30-80MeV proton flux, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 121, 56-76

Chin-Chun Wu, Kan Liou, Angelos Vourlidas, Simon Plunkett, Murray Dryer, S. T. Wu, Dennis Socker, Brian E. Wood, Lynn Hutting, Russell A. Howard, (2016), Numerical simulation of multiple CME-driven shocks in the month of 2011 September, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 121, 1839-1856

Kan Liou, David G. Sibeck, (2014), Study of a global auroral Pc5 pulsation event with concurrent ULF waves, Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 6547-6555

Kan Liou, Chin-Chun Wu, Murray Dryer, Shi-Tsan Wu, Nathan Rich, Simon Plunkett, Lynn Simpson, Craig D. Fry, Kevin Schenk, (2014), Global simulation of extremely fast coronal mass ejection on 23 July 2012, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 121, 32-41

P. T. Newell, K. Liou, Y. Zhang, T. Sotirelis, L. J. Paxton, E. J. Mitchell, (2014), OVATION Prime-2013: Extension of auroral precipitation model to higher disturbance levels, Space Weather-the International Journal of Research and Applications, 12, 368-379

K. Liou, K. Takahashi, (2013), Observations of field line resonance with global auroral images, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 105, 152-159

K. Liou, K. Takahashi, B. J. Anderson, M. Nose, T. Iyemori, (2013), Assessment of the auroral electrojet index performance under various geomagnetic conditions, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 92, 31-36

Kan Liou, Desheng Han, Huigen Yang, (2013), Ionospheric Response to Solar Wind Pressure Pulses Under Northward IMF Conditions, Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 24, 183-195

Kan Liou, Patrick T. Newell, Yong-Liang Zhang, Larry J. Paxton, (2013), Statistical comparison of isolated and non-isolated auroral substorms, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 118, 2466-2477

Kan Liou, Chin-Chun Wu, Murray Dryer, Shi-Tsan Wu, Daniel B. Berdichevsky, Simon Plunkett, Richard A. Mewaldt, Glenn M. Mason, (2013), Magnetohydrodynamic Fast Shocks and Their Relation to Solar Energetic Particle Event Intensities, Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 24, 165-173

E. J. Mitchell, P. T. Newell, J. W. Gjerloev, K. Liou, (2013), OVATION-SM: A model of auroral precipitation based on SuperMAG generalized auroral electrojet and substorm onset times, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 118, 3747-3759

Chin-Chun Wu, Kan Liou, Simon Plunkett, Craig Daniel Fry, Shi-Tsan Wu, (2013), Investigation of Solar/Heliospheric Anomalies Associated with the Solar Minimum of 2007-2008, Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 24, 243-252

Y. Miyashita, S. Machida, M. Nose, K. Liou, Y. Saito, W. R. Paterson, (2012), A statistical study of energy release and transport midway between the magnetic reconnection and initial dipolarization regions in the near-Earth magnetotail associated with substorm expansion onsets, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 117

K. Liou, Y. -L. Zhang, P. T. Newell, L. J. Paxton, J. F. Carbary, (2011), TIMED/GUVI observation of solar illumination effect on auroral energy deposition, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 116

Y. Miyashita, Y. Kamide, K. Liou, C. -C. Wu, A. Ieda, N. Nishitani, S. Machida, Y. Saito, T. Mukai, (2011), Successive substorm expansions during a period of prolonged northward interplanetary magnetic field, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 116

Patrick T. Newell, Kan Liou, (2011), Solar wind driving and substorm triggering, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 116

Teiji Uozumi, K. Yumoto, T. Tokunaga, S. I. Solovyev, B. M. Shevtsov, R. Marshall, K. Liou, S. Ohtani, S. Abe, A. Ikeda, K. Kitamura, A. Yoshikawa, H. Kawano, M. Itonaga, (2011), AKR modulation and global Pi2 oscillation, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 116

Chin-Chun Wu, Murray Dryer, S. T. Wu, Brian E. Wood, Craig D. Fry, Kan Liou, Simon Plunkett, (2011), Global three-dimensional simulation of the interplanetary evolution of the observed geoeffective coronal mass ejection during the epoch 1-4 August 2010, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 116

Anna R. Lee, Patrick T. Newell, Jesper Gjerloev, Kan Liou, (2010), Relatively low-latitude wave aurora and substorms, Geophysical Research Letters, 37

K. Liou, P. T. Newell, (2010), On the azimuthal location of auroral breakup: Hemispheric asymmetry, Geophysical Research Letters, 37

Kan Liou, (2010), Polar Ultraviolet Imager observation of auroral breakup, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 115

Y. Miyashita, K. Keika, K. Liou, S. Machida, Y. Kamide, Y. Miyoshi, Y. Matsumoto, I. Shinohara, Y. Saito, T. Mukai, (2010), Plasma sheet changes caused by sudden enhancements of the solar wind pressure, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 115

Y. Miyashita, S. Machida, A. Ieda, D. Nagata, Y. Kamide, M. Nose, K. Liou, T. Mukai, S. P. Christon, C. T. Russell, I. Shinohara, Y. Saito, (2010), Pressure changes associated with substorm depolarization in the near-Earth plasma sheet, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 115

A. Morioka, Y. Miyoshi, Y. Miyashita, Y. Kasaba, H. Misawa, F. Tsuchiya, R. Kataoka, A. Kadokura, T. Mukai, K. Yumoto, D. J. Menietti, G. Parks, K. Liou, F. Honary, E. Donovan, (2010), Two-step evolution of auroral acceleration at substorm onset, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 115

P. T. Newell, T. Sotirelis, K. Liou, A. R. Lee, S. Wing, J. Green, R. Redmon, (2010), Predictive ability of four auroral precipitation models as evaluated using Polar UVI global images, Space Weather-the International Journal of Research and Applications, 8

Patrick T. Newell, Anna R. Lee, Kan Liou, Shin-I. Ohtani, Thomas Sotirelis, Simon Wing, (2010), Substorm cycle dependence of various types of aurora, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 115

Patrick T. Newell, Anna R. Lee, Kan Liou, Shin Ohtani, Simon Wing, Marc Hairston, (2010), Multisatellite low-altitude observations of a magnetopause merging burst, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 115

M. H. Saito, Y. Miyashita, M. Fujimoto, K. Liou, Y. Saito, J. B. Sigwarth, (2010), Stepwise feature of aurora during substorm expansion compared with the near-Earth tail dipolarization: Possible types of substorm dynamics, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 115

K. Liou, Y. -L. Zhang, (2009), Comment on "Wavelet-based ULF wave diagnosis of substorm expansion phase onset" by K. Murphy et al., Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 114

S. Machida, Y. Miyashita, A. Ieda, M. Nose, D. Nagata, K. Liou, T. Obara, A. Nishida, Y. Saito, T. Mukai, (2009), Statistical visualization of the Earth's magnetotail based on Geotail data and the implied substorm model, Annales Geophysicae, 27, 1035-1046

Y. Miyashita, S. Machida, Y. Kamide, D. Nagata, K. Liou, M. Fujimoto, A. Ieda, M. H. Saito, C. T. Russell, S. P. Christon, M. Nose, H. U. Frey, I. Shinohara, T. Mukai, Y. Saito, H. Hayakawa, (2009), A state-of-the-art picture of substorm-associated evolution of the near-Earth magnetotail obtained from superposed epoch analysis, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 114

Patrick T. Newell, Kan Liou, Gordon R. Wilson, (2009), Polar cap particle precipitation and aurora: Review and commentary, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 71, 199-215

Teiji Uozumi, S. Abe, K. Kitamura, T. Tokunaga, A. Yoshikawa, H. Kawano, R. Marshall, R. J. Morris, B. M. Shevtsov, S. I. Solovyev, D. J. McNamara, K. Liou, S. Ohtani, M. Itonaga, K. Yumoto, (2009), Propagation characteristics of Pi 2 pulsations observed at high- and low-latitude MAGDAS/CPMN stations: A statistical study, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 114

A. Ieda, D. H. Fairfield, J. A. Slavin, K. Liou, C. -I. Meng, S. Machida, Y. Miyashita, T. Mukai, Y. Saito, M. Nose, J. -H. Shue, G. K. Parks, M. O. Fillingim, (2008), Longitudinal association between magnetotail reconnection and auroral breakup based on Geotail and Polar observations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 113

P. T. Jayachandran, N. Sato, Y. Ebihara, A. S. Yukimatu, A. Kadokura, J. W. MacDougall, E. F. Donovan, K. Liou, (2008), Oscillations of the equatorward boundary of the ion auroral oval - radar observations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 113

K. Liou, K. Takahashi, P. T. Newell, K. Yumoto, (2008), Polar Ultraviolet Imager observations of solar wind-driven ULF auroral pulsations, Geophysical Research Letters, 35

P. T. Newell, T. Sotirelis, K. Liou, F. J. Rich, (2008), Pairs of solar wind-magnetosphere coupling functions: Combining a merging term with a viscous term works best, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 113

M. H. Saito, Y. Miyashita, M. Fujimoto, I. Shinohara, Y. Saito, K. Liou, T. Mukai, (2008), Ballooning mode waves prior to substorm-associated dipolarizations: Geotail observations, Geophysical Research Letters, 35

Chin-Chun Wu, K. Liou, Shao-Ju Shan, C. -L. Tseng, (2008), Variation of ionospheric total electron content in Taiwan region of the equatorial anomaly from 1994 to 2003, Advances in Space Research, 41, 611-616

Kan Liou, (2007), Large, abrupt pressure decreases as a substorm onset trigger, Geophysical Research Letters, 34

Kan Liou, Patrick T. Newell, Jih-Hong Shue, Ching-I Meng, Yukinaga Miyashita, Hirotsugu Kojima, Hiroshi Matsumoto, (2007), "Compression aurora'': Particle precipitation driven by long-duration high solar wind ram pressure, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 112

P. T. Newell, T. Sotirelis, K. Liou, C. -I. Meng, F. J. Rich, (2007), A nearly universal solar wind-magnetosphere coupling function inferred from 10 magnetospheric state variables, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 112

C. C. Wu, C. D. Fry, M. Dryer, S. T. Wu, B. Thompson, Kan Liou, X. S. Feng, (2007), Three-dimensional global simulation of multiple ICMEs' interaction and propagation from the Sun to the heliosphere following the 25-28 October 2003 solar events, Advances in Space Research, 40, 1827-1834

Chin-Chun Wu, C. D. Fry, S. T. Wu, M. Dryer, Kan Liou, (2007), Three-dimensional global simulation of interplanetary coronal mass ejection propagation from the Sun to the heliosphere: Solar event of 12 May 1997, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 112

K. Liou, P. T. Newell, T. Sotirelis, C. -I. Meng, (2006), Global auroral response to negative pressure impulses, Geophysical Research Letters, 33

Kan Liou, Ching-I Meng, Chin-Chun Wu, (2006), On the interplanetary magnetic field B-y control of substorm bulge expansion, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 111

K Liou, JM Ruohoniemi, (2006), A case study of relationship between substorm expansion and global plasma convection, Geophysical Research Letters, 33

Y. Miyashita, Y. Kamide, Y. Miyoshi, S. Machida, K. Liou, T. Mukai, Y. Saito, C. -I. Meng, G. K. Parks, (2006), Magnetotail variations associated with substorm expansion onsets for storm time and nonstorm time, Geophysical Research Letters, 33

P. T. Newell, T. Sotirelis, K. Liou, C. -I. Meng, F. J. Rich, (2006), Cusp latitude and the optimal solar wind coupling function, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 111

M Nose, K Liou, PR Sutcliffe, (2006), Longitudinal dependence of characteristics of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations observed at Kakioka and Hermanus, Earth Planets and Space, 58, 775-783

M. Palmroth, P. Janhunen, G. Germany, D. Lummerzheim, K. Liou, D. N. Baker, C. Barth, A. T. Weatherwax, J. Watermann, (2006), Precipitation and total power consumption in the ionosphere: Global MHD simulation results compared with Polar and SNOE observations, Annales Geophysicae, 24, 861-872

N. Partamies, K. Kauristie, E. Donovan, E. Spanswick, K. Liou, (2006), Meso-scale aurora within the expansion phase bulge, Annales Geophysicae, 24, 2209-2218

JH Shue, PT Newell, K Liou, CI Meng, MR Hairston, FJ Rich, (2006), Ionospheric characteristics of the dusk-side branch of the two-cell aurora, Annales Geophysicae, 24, 203-214

PT Jayachandran, EF Donovan, JW MacDougall, DR Moorcroft, K Liou, PT Newell, JP St-Maurice, (2005), Global and local equatorward expansion of the ion auroral oval before substorm onsets, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 110

K Liou, JM Ruohoniemi, PT Newell, R Greenwald, CI Meng, MR Hairston, (2005), Observations of ionospheric plasma flows within theta auroras, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 110

Y Miyashita, A Ieda, Y Kamide, S Machida, T Mukai, Y Saito, K Liou, CI Meng, GK Parks, RW McEntire, N Nishitani, M Lester, GJ Sofko, JP Villain, (2005), Plasmoids observed in the near-Earth magnetotail at X similar to-7 R-E, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 110

K Takahashi, K Liou, K Yumoto, K Kitamura, M Nose, F Honary, (2005), Source of Pc4 pulsations observed on the nightside, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 110

K Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, CC Wu, RP Lepping, (2004), On the relationship between shock-induced polar magnetic bays and solar wind parameters, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 109

CI Meng, K Liou, (2004), Substorm timings and timescales: A new aspect, Space Science Reviews, 113, 41-75

Y Miyashita, Y Kamide, S Machida, K Liou, T Mukai, Y Saito, A Ieda, CI Meng, GK Parks, (2004), Difference in magnetotail variations between intense and weak substorms, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 109

VA Sergeev, K Liou, PT Newell, SI Ohtani, MR Hairston, F Rich, (2004), Auroral streamers: characteristics of associated precipitation, convection and field-aligned currents, Annales Geophysicae, 22, 537-548

K Takahashi, K Liou, (2004), Longitudinal structure of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations and its dependence on aurora, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 109

T Uozumi, K Yumoto, H Kawano, A Yoshikawa, S Ohtani, JV Olson, SI Akasofu, SI Solovyev, EF Vershinin, K Liou, CI Meng, (2004), Propagation characteristics of Pi 2 magnetic pulsations observed at ground high latitudes, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 109

CC Wu, CD Fry, JY Liu, K Liou, CL Tseng, (2004), Annual TEC variation in the equatorial anomaly region during the solar minimum: September 1996-August 1997, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 66, 199-207

CC Wu, K Liou, RP Lepping, CI Meng, (2004), Identification of substorms within storms, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 66, 125-132

A Ieda, JH Shue, K Liou, SI Ohtani, CI Meng, DH Fairfield, T Mukai, Y Saito, S Machida, T Nagai, GK Parks, (2003), Quiet time magnetotail plasma flow: Coordinated Polar ultraviolet images and Geotail observations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 108

PT Jayachandran, JW MacDougall, EF Donovan, JM Ruohoniemi, K Liou, DR Moorcroft, JP St-Maurice, (2003), Substorm associated changes in the high-latitude ionospheric convection, Geophysical Research Letters, 30

K Kauristie, VA Sergeev, O Amm, MV Kubyshkina, J Jussila, E Donovan, K Liou, (2003), Bursty bulk flow intrusion to the inner plasma sheet as inferred from auroral observations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 108

K Liou, JF Carbary, PT Newell, CI Meng, O Rasmussen, (2003), Correlation of auroral power with the polar cap index, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 108

K Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, CC Wu, RP Lepping, (2003), Investigation of external triggering of substorms with Polar ultraviolet imager observations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 108

ATY Lui, WW Lai, K Liou, CI Meng, (2003), A new technique for short-term forecast of auroral activity, Geophysical Research Letters, 30

Y Miyashita, S Machida, K Liou, T Mukai, Y Saito, H Hayakawa, CI Meng, GK Parks, (2003), Evolution of the magnetotail associated with substorm auroral breakups, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 108

Y Miyashita, S Machida, K Liou, T Mukai, Y Saito, CI Meng, GK Parks, (2003), Relationship between magnetotail variations and auroral activities during substorms, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 108

JH Shue, S Ohtani, PT Newell, K Liou, CI Meng, A Ieda, T Mukai, (2003), Quantitative relationships between plasma sheet fast flows and nightside auroral power, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 108

NL Borodkova, AG Yahnin, K Liou, JA Sauvaud, AO Fedorov, VN Lutsenko, MN Nozdrachev, AA Lyubchich, (2002), Plasma sheet fast flows and auroral dynamics during substorm: a case study, Annales Geophysicae, 20, 341-347

PT Jayachandran, JW MacDougall, DR Moorcroft, JP St-Maurice, K Liou, PT Newell, (2002), Substorm onset location and the equatorward boundary of the proton auroral oval, Geophysical Research Letters, 29

K Liou, CI Meng, ATY Lui, PT Newell, S Wing, (2002), Magnetic dipolarization with substorm expansion onset, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 107

K Liou, CC Wu, RP Lepping, PT Newell, CI Meng, (2002), Midday sub-auroral patches (MSPs) associated with interplanetary shocks, Geophysical Research Letters, 29

CI Meng, K Liou, (2002), Global auroral power as an index for geospace disturbances, Geophysical Research Letters, 29

PT Newell, K Liou, JP Skura, CI Meng, (2002), The distribution of auroral power increases and decreases, Geophysical Research Letters, 29

PT Newell, T Sotirelis, JM Ruohoniemi, JF Carbary, K Liou, JP Skura, CI Meng, C Deehr, D Wilkinson, FJ Rich, (2002), OVATION: Oval variation, assessment, tracking, intensity, and online nowcasting, Annales Geophysicae, 20, 1039-1047

JH Shue, PT Newell, K Liou, CI Meng, (2002), Solar wind density and velocity control of auroral brightness under normal interplanetary magnetic field conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 107

JH Shue, PT Newell, K Liou, CI Meng, SWH Cowley, (2002), Interplanetary magnetic field B-x asymmetry effect on auroral brightness, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 107

JH Shue, PT Newell, K Liou, CI Meng, Y Kamide, RP Lepping, (2002), Two-component auroras, Geophysical Research Letters, 29

K Takahashi, K Liou, K Yumoto, (2002), Correlative study of ultraviolet aurora and low-latitude Pi2 pulsations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 107

PC Anderson, SM Petrinec, K Liou, (2001), Statistical patterns in X-ray and UV auroral emissions and energetic electron precipitation, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 5907-5911

A Ieda, DH Fairfield, T Mukai, Y Saito, S Kokubun, K Liou, CI Meng, GK Parks, MJ Brittnacher, (2001), Plasmoid ejection and auroral brightenings, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 3845-3857

K Liou, CI Meng, PT Newell, ATY Lui, GD Reeves, RD Belian, (2001), Particle injections with auroral expansions, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 5873-5881

K Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, (2001), Seasonal effects on auroral particle acceleration and precipitation, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 5531-5542

K Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, K Takahashi, SI Ohtani, ATY Lui, M Brittnacher, G Parks, (2001), Comment on "Evaluation of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations as indicators of substorm onset using Polar ultraviolet imagery" by K. Liou, et al. - Reply, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 18923-18926

K Liou, PT Newell, DG Sibeck, CI Meng, M Brittnacher, G Parks, (2001), Observation of IMF and seasonal effects in the location of auroral substorm onset, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 5799-5810

CI Meng, K Liou, PT Newell, (2001), Asymmetric sunlight effect on dayside/nightside auroral precipitation, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Part C-Solar-Terrestial and Planetary Science, 26, 43-47

R Nakamura, W Baumjohann, M Brittnacher, VA Sergeev, M Kubyshkina, T Mukai, K Liou, (2001), Flow bursts and auroral activations: Onset timing and foot point location, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 10777-10789

R Nakamura, W Baumjohann, R Schodel, M Brittnacher, VA Sergeev, M Kubyshkina, T Mukai, K Liou, (2001), Earthward flow bursts, auroral streamers, and small expansions, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 10791-10802

PT Newell, K Liou, T Sotirelis, CI Meng, (2001), Auroral precipitation power during substorms: A Polar UV Imager-based superposed epoch analysis, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 28885-28896

PT Newell, K Liou, T Sotirelis, CI Meng, (2001), Polar Ultraviolet Imager observations of global auroral power as a function of polar cap size and magnetotail stretching, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 5895-5905

VA Sergeev, MV Kubyshkina, K Liou, PT Newell, G Parks, R Nakamura, T Mukai, (2001), Substorm and convection bay compared: Auroral and magnetotail dynamics during convection bay, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 18843-18855

JH Shue, PT Newell, K Liou, CI Meng, (2001), Influence of interplanetary magnetic field on global auroral patterns, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 5913-5926

JH Shue, PT Newell, K Liou, CI Meng, (2001), The quantitative relationship between auroral brightness and solar EUV Pedersen conductance, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 5883-5894

YK Tung, CW Carlson, JP McFadden, DM Klumpar, GK Parks, WJ Peria, K Liou, (2001), Auroral polar cap boundary ion conic outflow observed on FAST, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 3603-3614

VG Vorobjev, OI Yagodkina, DG Sibeck, K Liou, CI Meng, (2001), Polar UVI observations of dayside auroral transient events, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 28897-28911

VG Vorobjev, OI Yagodkina, D Sibeck, K Liou, CI Meng, (2001), Aurora conjugacy during substorms: Coordinated antarctic ground and polar ultraviolet observations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106, 24579-24591

CL Waters, BJ Anderson, K Liou, (2001), Estimation of global field aligned currents using the Iridium((R)) System magnetometer data, Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 2165-2168

J Aarons, B Lin, M Mendillo, K Liou, M Codrescu, (2000), Global Positioning System phase fluctuations and ultraviolet images from the Polar satellite, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 105, 5201-5213

JF Carbary, K Liou, ATY Lui, PT Newell, CI Meng, (2000), "Blob" analysis of auroral substorm dynamics, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 105, 16083-16091

K Liou, CI Meng, ATY Lui, PT Newell, RR Anderson, (2000), Auroral kilometric radiation at substorm onset, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 105, 25325-25331

K Liou, CI Meng, PT Newell, K Takahashi, SI Ohtani, ATY Lui, M Brittnacher, G Parks, (2000), Evaluation of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations as indicators of substorm onset using Polar ultraviolet imagery, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 105, 2495-2505

ATY Lui, SC Chapman, K Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, M Brittnacher, GD Parks, (2000), Is the dynamic magnetosphere an avalanching system?, Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 911-914

ATY Lui, K Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, S Ohtani, RW McEntire, NJ Fox, RP Lepping, WR Paterson, JB Sigwarth, LA Frank, S Kokubun, GK Parks, T Moretto, K Yumoto, (2000), Conjunction of tail satellites for substorm study: ISTP event of 1997 January 2, Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 1831-1834

VA Sergeev, JA Sauvaud, D Popescu, RA Kovrazhkin, K Liou, PT Newell, M Brittnacher, G Parks, R Nakamura, T Mukai, GD Reeves, (2000), Multiple-spacecraft observation of a narrow transient plasma jet in the Earth's plasma sheet, Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 851-854

VR Tagirov, K Liou, DG Sibeck, VA Arinin, (2000), Study of a sequence of substorm onsets on the basis of coordinated ground-satellite observations, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Part B-Hydrology Oceans and Atmosphere, 25, 559-563

K Liou, CI Meng, TY Lui, PT Newell, M Brittnacher, G Parks, GD Reeves, RR Anderson, K Yumoto, (1999), On relative timing in substorm onset signatures, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 104, 22807-22817

K Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, T Sotirelis, M Brittnacher, G Parks, (1999), Source region of 1500 MLT auroral bright spots: Simultaneous Polar UV-images and DMSP particle data, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 104, 24587-24602

ATY Lui, K Liou, M Nose, S Ohtani, DJ Williams, T Mukai, K Tsuruda, S Kokubun, (1999), Near-Earth dipolarization: Evidence for a non-MHD process, Geophysical Research Letters, 26, 2905-2908

PT Newell, K Liou, CI Meng, MJ Brittnacher, G Parks, (1999), Dynamics of double-theta aurora: Polar UVI study of January 10-11, 1997, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 104, 95-104

VA Sergeev, K Liou, CI Meng, PT Newell, M Brittnacher, G Parks, GD Reeves, (1999), Development of auroral streamers in association with localized impulsive injections to the inner magnetotail, Geophysical Research Letters, 26, 417-420

DG Sibeck, NL Borodkova, SJ Schwartz, CJ Owen, R Kessel, S Kokubun, RP Lepping, R Lin, H Luhr, RW McEntire, CI Meng, T Mukai, Z Nemecek, G Parks, TD Phan, SA Romanov, J Safrankova, JA Sauvaud, HJ Singer, SI Solovyev, A Szabo, K Takahashi, DJ Williams, K Yumoto, GN Zastenker, (1999), Comprehensive study of the magnetospheric response to a hot flow anomaly, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 104, 4577-4593

YI Yermolaev, LM Zelenyi, NL Borodkova, RA Kovrazhkin, VN Lutsenko, AA Petrukovich, SP Savin, AA Skalsky, VA Sergeev, T Mukai, S Kokubun, K Liou, CI Meng, G Parks, JA Sauvaud, (1999), Global substorm effect and convection jet under the conditions of continuous external driving: Multi-spacecraft observations on December 22-23, 1996, Czechoslovak Journal of Physics, 49, 625-640

K Liou, CA Lin, (1998), ULF field fluctuations in a "quiet" subsolar magnetosheath, Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 9, 1-14

K Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, N Brittnacher, G Parks, (1998), Characteristics of the solar wind controlled auroral emissions, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 103, 17543-17557

ATY Lui, MJ Brittnacher, SP Christon, TE Eastman, S Kokubun, K Liou, RW McEntire, CI Meng, PT Newell, GK Parks, T Yamamoto, DJ Williams, (1998), Ionospheric signature of a magnetic flux rope in the magnetotail, Geophysical Research Letters, 25, 3733-3736

ATY Lui, K Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, SI Ohtani, T Ogino, S Kokubun, MJ Brittnacher, GK Parks, (1998), Plasma and magnetic flux transport associated with auroral breakups, Geophysical Research Letters, 25, 4059-4062

E Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, ATY Lui, M Brittnacher, G Parks, (1997), Dayside auroral activity as a possible precursor of substorm onsets: A survey using Polar ultraviolet imagery, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 102, 19835-19843

K Liou, PT Newell, CI Meng, M Brittnacher, G Parks, (1997), Synoptic auroral distribution: A survey using polar ultraviolet imagery, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 102, 27197-27205

K Liou, RB Torbert, G Haerendel, (1996), Momentum coupling in the ''CRIT II'' critical ionization velocity experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 101, 19649-19657

K LIOU, RB TORBERT, (1995), ON BA+ PRODUCTION IN THE CRIT-II EXPERIMENT, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 100, 5811-5818

EJ LUND, J LABELLE, RB TORBERT, K LIOU, W PERIA, CA KLETZING, MC KELLEY, SD BAKER, F PRIMDAHL, HC STENBAEKNIELSEN, A RANTA, G HAERENDEL, HU FREY, (1995), OBSERVATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC OXYGEN CYCLOTRON WAVES IN A FLICKERING AURORA, Geophysical Research Letters, 22, 2465-2468

RB TORBERT, CA KLETZING, K LIOU, D RAU, (1992), PROMPT IONIZATION IN THE CRIT-II BARIUM RELEASES, Geophysical Research Letters, 19, 973-976