Matina Gkioulidou Print


  240-228-9112

  Matina.Gkioulidou@jhuapl.edu

: SES

:   Space Physicist

:  Heliophysics, Planetary

  IMAP, JUICE, Van Allen Probes, RBSPICE

 
Degree Field of Study Year Attained Institution Name
Ph.D. Space Physics 2012 Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
M.S. Space Physics 2008 Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
B.Sc. Physics 2006 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

Dr. Matina Gkioulidou is a space physicist with interests that are broad and span different regions in space as well space plasma regimes, from plasma acceleration processes in the Earth's magnetosphere during geomagnetic storms, to our heliosphere’s interactions with the interstellar medium. Her research focuses on experimental space physics, including data analysis from space missions and energetic particle instrumentation. As Co-I of the RBSPICE instrument on the Van Allen Probes mission, she investigated physical processes that lead to the development of geomagnetic storm-time ring current, as well as ionospheric outflow. As a Co-I of the Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP) mission, she is leading the development of the IMAP-Ultra instrument, which will measure Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENAs) coming all the way from our heliospheric boundary, revealing how that boundary is shaped by interactions with the interstellar medium. She is also the Deputy Instrument Scientist for the JENI instrument on ESA’s JUpiter ICy moons Explorer (JUICE) mission, which will provide ENA images of Jupiter's magnetosphere for the very first time. Dr. Gkioulidou has a track record of active engagement in the Heliophysics community, and in 2021 she was appointed a member of the Heliophysics Advisory Committee. 

 
AGU Index Category AGU Index Sub-Category
MAGNETOSPHERIC PHYSICS
MAGNETOSPHERIC PHYSICS
MAGNETOSPHERIC PHYSICS Plasma sheet
MAGNETOSPHERIC PHYSICS Magnetosphere/ionosphere interactions
SPACE PLASMA PHYSICS Charged particle motion and acceleration
SPACE PLASMA PHYSICS
SPACE PLASMA PHYSICS
SPACE WEATHER
INTERPLANETARY PHYSICS
PLANETARY SCIENCES: SOLAR SYSTEM OBJECTS
:
Start Year End Year Description
2018 Current Section Supervisor (Magnetospheric Electrodynamics ), APL.
2014 Current Senior Professional Staff, JHU/APL.
2015 Current Instructor for graduate level Plasma Physics (615.753), Whiting School of Engineering/ Engineering for Professionals, JHU. Duties: Design a syllabus, prepare lectures, teaching, creating and grading homework assignments and exams (https://apps.ep.jhu.edu/course-homepages/3530-615.753-plasma-physics-gkioulidou)
2012 2014 Postdoctoral Fellow, APL.
2010 2010 Teaching Assistant, UCLA.
2006 2012 Graduate Student Research Assistant, UCLA.
Year Description
2021 - Present Member of the Heliophysics Advisory Committee (HPAC)
2020 Co-chair of the Data Archiving sub-panel of the Senior Review of the Heliophysics Operating Missions.
2018 - 2020 Member of NASA's Living With a Star (LWS) Program Analysis Group (LPAG)
2015 - 2021 Elected Member, NSF Geospace Environment Modeling (GEM) Science Steering Committee, to serve as Magnetotail and Plasma Sheet Research Area Coordinator
2017 - Present Co-chair of the “Magnetotail Dipolarization and its Effects on the Inner Magnetosphere” Focus Group of the NSF Geospace Environment Modeling (GEM) Workshop
2017 - Present Topical Editor for Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO) Journal.
2015 Publication award: Author's First APL Paper in Peer-Reviewed Journal, jHU/APL
2009-2012 NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship (NESSF)
:
The following publication information was downloaded from

ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9979-2164

.
G. D. Reeves, H. E. Spence, G. Claudepierre, L. J. Lanzerotti, K. Takahashi, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, D. G. Mitchell, M. Gkioulidou, S. Ohtani, T. Motoba, (2020), Pitch Angle Dependence of Electron and Ion Flux Changes During Local Magnetic Dipolarization Inside Geosynchronous Orbit, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Xin An, Chao Yue, Jacob Bortnik, Geoffrey D. Reeves, Harlan E. Spence, Matina Gkioulidou, Donald G. Mitchell, Chae‐Woo Jun, Qianli Ma, Andrew J. Gerrard, Craig A. Kletzing, (2019), The Relationship Between EMIC Wave Properties and Proton Distributions Based on van Allen Probes Observations, Geophysical Research Letters

Nikolai A Tsyganenko, G. K. Stephens, M. I. Sitnov, H. Korth, S. Ohtani, M. Gkioulidou, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, (2019), Global Empirical Picture of Magnetospheric Substorms Inferred From Multimission Magnetometer Data, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Matina Gkioulidou, S. Ohtani, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, D. G. Mitchell, K. Takahashi, H. E. Spence, J. R. Wygant, C. A. Kletzing, R. J. Barnes, (2019), Low-Energy (< keV)O+ Ion Outflow Directly Into the Inner Magnetosphere: Van Allen Probes Observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Donald G. Mitchell, Matina Gkioulidou, Andrew J. Gerrard, Harlan E. Spence, Geoffrey D. Reeves, Larry Lyons, Richard M. Thorne, Chih-Ping Wang, Qianli Ma, Wen Li, Jacob Bortnik, Chao Yue, (2019), Oxygen Ion Dynamics in the Earth's Ring Current: Van Allen Probes Observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Y. Obana, A. Yoshikawa, C. A. Kletzing, D. G. Mitchell, L. J. Lanzerotti, M. Gkioulidou, K. Keika, K. Seki, K. Mitani, (2019), Statistical Study of Selective Oxygen Increase in High-Energy Ring Current Ions During Magnetic Storms, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

C. A. Kletzing, D. G. Mitchell, M. Gkioulidou, G. D. Reeves, H. E. Spence, C. J. Farrugia, L. M. Kistler, S. T. Bingham, C. G. Mouikis, (2019), The Storm‐Time Ring Current Response to ICMEs and CIRs Using Van Allen Probe Observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Mykhaylo Shumko, Drew L. Turner, T. P. O'Brien, John Sample, D. P. Hartley, Joseph Fennel, J. Bernard Blake, Matina Gkioulidou, Donald G. Mitchell, Seth G. Claudepierre, (2018), Evidence of Microbursts Observed Near the Equatorial Plane in the Outer Van Allen Radiation Belt, Geophysical Research Letters

M. M. Lam, C. M. Jackman, H. E. Spence, G. D. Reeves, M. Gkioulidou, C. Forsyth, M. P. Freeman, I. J. Rae, J. K. Sandhu, (2018), Energization of the Ring Current by Substorms, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

D. G. Mitchell, M. Gkioulidou, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, (2018), Energetic Ion Injections Inside Geosynchronous Orbit: Convection- and Drift-Dominated, Charge-Dependent Adiabatic Energization (W=qEd), Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

S. Ohtani, T. Motoba, M. Gkioulidou, K. Takahashi, H. J. Singer, (2018), Spatial Development of the Dipolarization Region in the Inner Magnetosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

A. Y. Ukhorskiy, V. G. Merkin, M. I. Sitnov, M. Gkioulidou, K. A. Sorathia, D. G. Mitchell, (2018), Ion Trapping and Acceleration at Dipolarization Fronts: High-Resolution MHD and Test-Particle Simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

K. Mitani, K. Seki, K. Keika, M. Gkioulidou, L. J. Lanzerotti, D. G. Mitchell, C. A. Kletzing, (2018), Radial Transport of Higher-Energy Oxygen Ions Into the Deep Inner Magnetosphere Observed by Van Allen Probes, Geophysical Research Letters

Jerry W. Manweiler, Matina Gkioulidou, Donald G. Mitchell, Louis J. Lanzerotti, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Masahito Nose, Kanako Seki, Kunihiro Keika, (2018), Three-Step Buildup of the 17 March 2015 Storm Ring Current: Implication for the Cause of the Unexpected Storm Intensification, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Matina Gkioulidou, Larry R. Lyons, Richard A. Wolf, Chih-Ping Wang, (2018), Spatial Distribution of Plasma Sheet Entropy Reduction Caused by a Plasma Bubble: Rice Convection Model Simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Donald G. Mitchell, Harlan E. Spence, Andrew J. Gerrard, Anthony T. Y. Lui, Richard M. Thorne, Chih-Ping Wang, Geoffrey D. Reeves, Matina Gkioulidou, Qianli Ma, Wen Li, Jacob Bortnik, Chao Yue, (2018), The Composition of Plasma inside Geostationary Orbit Based on Van Allen Probes Observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

D. J. McComas, E. R. Christian, N. A. Schwadron, N. Fox, J. Westlake, F. Allegrini, D. N. Baker, D. Biesecker, M. Bzowski, G. Clark, C. M. S. Cohen, I. Cohen, M. A. Dayeh, R. Decker, G. A. de Nolfo, M. I. Desai, R. W. Ebert, H. A. Elliott, H. Fahr, P. C. Frisch, H. O. Funsten, S. A. Fuselier, A. Galli, A. B. Galvin, J. Giacalone, M. Gkioulidou, F. Guo, M. Horanyi, P. Isenberg, P. Janzen, L. M. Kistler, K. Korreck, M. A. Kubiak, H. Kucharek, B. A. Larsen, R. A. Leske, N. Lugaz, J. Luhmann, W. Matthaeus, D. Mitchell, E. Moebius, K. Ogasawara, D. B. Reisenfeld, J. D. Richardson, C. T. Russell, J. M. Sokół, H. E. Spence, R. Skoug, Z. Sternovsky, P. Swaczyna, J. R. Szalay, M. Tokumaru, M. E. Wiedenbeck, P. Wurz, G. P. Zank, E. J. Zirnstein, (2018), Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP): A New NASA Mission, Space Science Reviews

J. R. Wygant, J. R. Wygant, H. E. Spence, H. E. Spence, C. A. Kletzing, C. A. Kletzing, L. J. Lanzerotti, L. J. Lanzerotti, K. Takahashi, K. Takahashi, D. G. Mitchell, D. G. Mitchell, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, M. Gkioulidou, M. Gkioulidou, S. Ohtani, S. Ohtani, T. Motoba, T. Motoba, (2018), Response of Different Ion Species to Local Magnetic Dipolarization Inside Geosynchronous Orbit, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

S. Ohtani, T. Uozumi, (2018), Nightside Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Current Circuit: Implications for Auroral Streamers and Pi2 Pulsations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

D. L. Turner, T. P. O'Brien, J. F. Fennell, S. G. Claudepierre, J. B. Blake, A. N. Jaynes, D. N. Baker, S. Kanekal, M. Gkioulidou, M. G. Henderson, G. D. Reeves, (2017), Investigating the source of near-relativistic and relativistic electrons in Earth's inner radiation belt, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Chao Yue, Jacob Bortnik, Richard M. Thorne, Xin An, Qianli Ma, C. R. Chappell, Louis J. Lanzerotti, Quanqi Shi, Geoffrey D. Reeves, Harlan E. Spence, Donald G. Mitchell, Matina Gkioulidou, Craig A. Kletzing, Andrew J. Gerrard, (2017), The Characteristic Pitch Angle Distributions of 1 eV to 600 keV Protons Near the Equator Based On Van Allen Probes Observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

D. L. Turner, J. F. Fennell, J. B. Blake, S. G. Claudepierre, J. H. Clemmons, A. N. Jaynes, T. Leonard, D. N. Baker, I. J. Cohen, M. Gkioulidou, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, B. H. Mauk, C. Gabrielse, V. Angelopoulos, R. J. Strangeway, C. A. Kletzing, O. Le Contel, R. B. Torbert, H. E. Spence, J. L. Burch, G. D. Reeves, (2017), Multipoint Observations of Energetic Particle Injections and Substorm Activity During a Conjunction Between Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) and Van Allen Probes, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

M. Gkioulidou, D. G. Mitchell, B. A. Larsen, H. O. Funsten, R. M. Skoug, H. E. Spence, C. G. Mouikis, L. M. Kistler, A. M. Menz, (2017), The role of convection in the buildup of the ring current pressure during the 17 March 2013 storm, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

A. Y. Ukhorskiy, M. I. Sitnov, M. Gkioulidou, D. G. Mitchell, V. G. Merkin, (2017), Ion acceleration at dipolarization fronts in the inner magnetosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Brian A. Larsen, Harlan Spence, Drew Turner, Matina Gkioulidou, Donald G. Mitchell, Louis J. Lanzerotti, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Shinobu Machida, Masahito Nose, Kanako Seki, Kunihiro Keika, (2016), Storm time impulsive enhancements of energetic oxygen due to adiabatic acceleration of preexisting warm oxygen in the inner magnetosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Matina Gkioulidou, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, D. G. Mitchell, L. J. Lanzerotti, (2016), Storm time dynamics of ring current protons: Implications for the long-term energy budget in the inner magnetosphere, Geophysical Research Letters

W. Li, J. M. Ruohoniemi, S. G. Shepherd, B. J. Anderson, N. Nishitani, L. R. Lyons, B. Gallardo-Lacourt, S. Zou, J. M. Weygand, Y. Nishimura, M. Gkioulidou, V. Angelopoulos, E. F. Donovan, (2016), The 17 March 2013 storm: Synergy of observations related to electric field modes and their ionospheric and magnetospheric Effects, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

C. E. Schlemm, N. Paschalidis, C. Paranicas, K. S. Nelson, D. G. Mitchell, R. L. McNutt, B. H. Mauk, P. Kollmann, S. E. Jaskulek, G. C. Ho, M. E. Hill, D. Haggerty, R. Hacala, M. A. Gkioulidou, R. E. Gold, P. Brandt, G. B. Andrews, J. H. Westlake, I. Cohen, G. Clark, (2016), The "Puck" energetic charged particle detector: Design, heritage, and advancements, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

C. T. Russell, R. J. Strangeway, L. J. Lanzerotti, B. M. Walsh, M. Gkioulidou, D. G. Mitchell, B. J. Anderson, B. H. Mauk, I. J. Cohen, J. H. Westlake, (2016), The permeability of the magnetopause to a multispecies substorm injection of energetic particles, Geophysical Research Letters

Shinichi Ohtani, Chih-Ping Wang, Richard A. Wolf, Matina Gkioulidou, (2016), The Harang reversal and the interchange stability of the magnetotail, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Y. Nakayama, Y. Ebihara, L. M. Kistler, S. Ohtani, M. Gkioulidou, K. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, (2016), Void structure of O+ ions in the inner magnetosphere observed by the Van Allen Probes, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Chao Yue, Xin An, Jacob Bortnik, Qianli Ma, Wen Li, Richard M. Thorne, Matina Gkioulidou, Donald G. Mitchell, Craig A. Kletzing, Geoffrey D. Reeves, (2016), The relationship between the macroscopic state of electrons and the properties of chorus waves observed by the Van Allen Probes, Geophysical Research Letters

L. J. Lanzerotti, J. R. Wygant, M. Gkioulidou, D. G. Mitchell, B. A. Larsen, H. O. Funsten, R. M. Skoug, A. M. Menz, H. E. Spence, C. G. Mouikis, L. M. Kistler, (2016), The source of O+ in the storm time ring current, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

A. J. Halford, S. L. McGregor, K. R. Murphy, R. M. Millan, M. K. Hudson, L. A. Woodger, C. A. Cattel, A. W. Breneman, I. R. Mann, W. S. Kurth, G. B. Hospodarsky, M. Gkioulidou, J. F. Fennell, (2015), BARREL observations of an ICME-shock impact with the magnetosphere and the resultant radiation belt electron loss, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 120, 4, 2557-2570

D. L. Turner, S. G. Claudepierre, J. F. Fennell, T. P. O'Brien, J. B. Blake, C. Lemon, M. Gkioulidou, K. Takahashi, G. D. Reeves, S. Thaller, A. Breneman, J. R. Wygant, W. Li, A. Runov, V. Angelopoulos, (2015), Energetic electron injections deep into the inner magnetosphere associated with substorm activity, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 7, 2079-2087

T. Motoba, K. Takahashi, A. Ukhorskiy, M. Gkioulidou, D. G. Mitchell, L. J. Lanzerotti, G. I. Korotova, E. F. Donovan, J. R. Wygant, C. A. Kletzing, W. S. Kurth, J. B. Blake, (2015), Link between premidnight second harmonic poloidal waves and auroral undulations: Conjugate observations with a Van Allen Probe spacecraft and a THEMIS all-sky imager, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 120, 3, 1814-1831

T. P. O'Brien, S. G. Claudepierre, M. D. Looper, J. B. Blake, J. F. Fennell, J. H. Clemmons, J. L. Roeder, S. G. Kanekal, J. W. Manweiler, D. G. Mitchell, M. Gkioulidou, L. J. Lanzerotti, H. E. Spence, G. D. Reeves, D. N. Baker, (2015), On the use of drift echoes to characterize on-orbit sensor discrepancies, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 120, 3, 2076-2087

Matina Gkioulidou, S. Ohtani, D. G. Mitchell, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, G. D. Reeves, D. L. Turner, J. W. Gjerloev, M. Nose, K. Koga, J. V. Rodriguez, L. J. Lanzerotti, (2015), Spatial structure and temporal evolution of energetic particle injections in the inner magnetosphere during the 14 July 2013 substorm event, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 120, 3, 1924-1938

S. A. Thaller, J. R. Wygant, L. Dai, A. W. Breneman, K. Kersten, C. A. Cattell, J. W. Bonnell, J. F. Fennell, Matina Gkioulidou, C. A. Kletzing, S. De Pascuale, G. B. Hospodarsky, S. R. Bounds, (2015), Van Allen Probes investigation of the large-scale duskward electric field and its role in ring current formation and plasmasphere erosion in the 1 June 2013 storm, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 120, 6, 4531-4543

M. J. Engebretson, J. L. Posch, J. R. Wygant, C. A. Kletzing, M. R. Lessard, C. -L. Huang, H. E. Spence, C. W. Smith, H. J. Singer, Y. Omura, R. B. Horne, G. D. Reeves, D. N. Baker, M. Gkioulidou, K. Oksavik, I. R. Mann, T. Raita, K. Shiokawa, (2015), Van Allen probes, NOAA, GOES, and ground observations of an intense EMIC wave event extending over 12 h in magnetic local time, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 120, 7, 5465-5488

Andrew Gerrard, Louis Lanzerotti, Matina Gkioulidou, Donald Mitchell, Jerry Manweiler, Jacob Bortnik, Kunihiro Keika, (2014), Initial measurements of O-ion and He-ion decay rates observed from the Van Allen probes RBSPICE instrument, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 119, 11, 8813-8819

Chih-Ping Wang, Matina Gkioulidou, Larry R. Lyons, Xiaoyan Xing, Richard A. Wolf, (2014), Interchange motion as a transport mechanism for formation of cold-dense plasma sheet, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 119, 10, 8318-8337

Andrew Gerrard, Louis Lanzerotti, Matina Gkioulidou, Donald Mitchell, Jerry Manweiler, Jacob Bortnik, (2014), Quiet time observations of He ions in the inner magnetosphere as observed from the RBSPICE instrument aboard the Van Allen Probes mission, Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 4, 1100-1105

Matina Gkioulidou, A. Y. Ukhorskiy, D. G. Mitchell, T. Sotirelis, B. H. Mauk, L. J. Lanzerotti, (2014), The role of small-scale ion injections in the buildup of Earth's ring current pressure: Van Allen Probes observations of the 17 March 2013 storm, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 119, 9

Simon Wing, Matina Gkioulidou, Jay R. Johnson, Patrick T. Newell, Chih-Ping Wang, (2013), Auroral particle precipitation characterized by the substorm cycle, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 118, 3, 1022-1039

L. R. Lyons, Y. Nishimura, X. Xing, Y. Shi, M. Gkioulidou, C. -P. Wang, H. -J. Kim, S. Zou, V. Angelopoulos, E. Donovan, A Keiling, E Donovan, F Bagenal, T Karlsson, (2012), Auroral Disturbances as a Manifestation of Interplay Between Large-Scale and Mesoscale Structure of Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Electrodynamical Coupling, Auroral Phenomenology and Magnetospheric Processes: Earth and Other Planets, 197, 193-204

Matina Gkioulidou, Chih-Ping Wang, Simon Wing, Larry R. Lyons, Richard A. Wolf, Tung-Shin Hsu, (2012), Effect of an MLT dependent electron loss rate on the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 117

Chih-Ping Wang, Matina Gkioulidou, Larry R. Lyons, Vassilis Angelopoulos, (2012), Spatial distributions of the ion to electron temperature ratio in the magnetosheath and plasma sheet, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 117

Matina Gkioulidou, Chih-Ping Wang, Larry R. Lyons, (2011), Effect of self-consistent magnetic field on plasma sheet penetration to the inner magnetosphere: Rice convection model simulations combined with modified Dungey force-balanced magnetic field solver, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 116

D. A. Subbotin, Y. Y. Shprits, M. Gkioulidou, L. R. Lyons, B. Ni, V. G. Merkin, F. R. Toffoletto, R. M. Thorne, R. B. Horne, M. K. Hudson, (2011), Simulation of the acceleration of relativistic electrons in the inner magnetosphere using RCM-VERB coupled codes, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 116

Chih-Ping Wang, Matina Gkioulidou, Larry R. Lyons, Richard A. Wolf, Vassilis Angelopoulos, Tsugunobu Nagai, James M. Weygand, A. T. Y. Lui, (2011), Spatial distributions of ions and electrons from the plasma sheet to the inner magnetosphere: Comparisons between THEMIS-Geotail statistical results and the Rice convection model, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 116

Lunjin Chen, Richard M. Thorne, Vania K. Jordanova, Chih-Ping Wang, Matina Gkioulidou, Larry Lyons, Richard B. Horne, (2010), Global simulation of EMIC wave excitation during the 21 April 2001 storm from coupled RCM-RAM-HOTRAY modeling, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 115

Larry R. Lyons, Chih-Ping Wang, Matina Gkioulidou, Shasha Zou, (2009), Connections between plasma sheet transport, Region 2 currents, and entropy changes associated with convection, steady magnetospheric convection periods, and substorms, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 114

Matina Gkioulidou, Chih-Ping Wang, Larry R. Lyons, Richard A. Wolf, (2009), Formation of the Harang reversal and its dependence on plasma sheet conditions: Rice convection model simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 114

M. Gkioulidou, G. Zimbardo, P. Pommois, P. Veltri, L. Vlahos, (2007), High energy particle transport in stochastic magnetic fields in the solar corona, Astronomy & Astrophysics, 462, 3, 1113-1120