Kan Liou Print


  83279

  Kan.Liou@jhuapl.edu

: SES

:   Space Physicist

:  Heliophysics

 
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1994, Ph.D. in Physics, University of New Hampshire
1985, M.S. in Atmospheric Physics, National Central University, ROC

My research includes study of space weather from the ionosphere/thermosphere to interplanetary space. It includes studies of auroral morphology, substorms, ionospheric/thermospheric storms, and global ULF waves with optical image, particle, field, and GPS-TEC data; inner proton radiation belt data analysis using NOAA satellite data; and solar wind and coronal mass ejections using global numerical magnetohydrodynamics simulation.

 
AGU Index Category AGU Index Sub-Category
MAGNETOSPHERIC PHYSICS Magnetosphere/ionosphere interactions
SPACE WEATHER Models
:
2007 - Present
Principal Professional Staff, JHUAPL
1999 - 2007
Senior Professional Staff, JHUAPL
1996 - 1999
Post-Doctoral Research, JHUAPL
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The following publication information was downloaded from http://www.researcherId.com/rid/C-2089-2016. Click on the publication title to view details.
Response of northern winter polar cap to auroral substorms
:   Liou, Kan; Sotirelis, Thomas
:MAY 16 2016
: Geophysical Research Letters
  43
  4098
  4105
: WOS:000378339200003
: None
A Possible Cause of the Diminished SolarWind During the Solar Cycle 23-24 Minimum
:   Liou, Kan; Wu, Chin-Chun
:DEC 2016
: Solar Physics
  291
  3777
  3792
: WOS:000389417400019
: None
Substorm probabilities are best predicted from solar wind speed
:   Newell, P. T.; Liou, K.; Gjerloev, J. W.; Sotirelis, T.; Wing, S.; Mitchell, E. J.
:AUG 2016
: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
  146
  28
  37
: WOS:000380593300003
: None
The first super geomagnetic storm of solar cycle 24: "The St. Patrick's day event (17 March 2015)"
:   Wu, Chin-Chun; Liou, Kan; Lepping, Ronald P.; Hutting, Lynn; Plunkett, Simon; Howard, Russ A.; Socker, Dennis
:SEP 2 2016
: Earth Planets and Space
  68
  --
  --
: WOS:000382855100001
: None
Global magnetohydrodynamic simulation of the 15 March 2013 coronal mass ejection eventInterpretation of the 30-80MeV proton flux
:   Wu, Chin-Chun; Liou, Kan; Vourlidas, Angelos; Plunkett, Simon; Dryer, Murray; Wu, S. T.; Mewaldt, Richard A.
:JAN 2016
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  121
  56
  76
: WOS:000371146900005
: None
Numerical simulation of multiple CME-driven shocks in the month of 2011 September
:   Wu, Chin-Chun; Liou, Kan; Vourlidas, Angelos; Plunkett, Simon; Dryer, Murray; Wu, S. T.; Socker, Dennis; Wood, Brian E.; Hutting, Lynn; Howard, Russell A.
:MAR 2016
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  121
  1839
  1856
: WOS:000374730900002
: None
Study of a global auroral Pc5 pulsation event with concurrent ULF waves
:   Liou, Kan; Sibeck, David G.
:OCT 16 2014
: Geophysical Research Letters
  41
  6547
  6555
: WOS:000344913800001
: None
Global simulation of extremely fast coronal mass ejection on 23 July 2012
:   Liou, Kan; Wu, Chin-Chun; Dryer, Murray; Wu, Shi-Tsan; Rich, Nathan; Plunkett, Simon; Simpson, Lynn; Fry, Craig D.; Schenk, Kevin
:DEC 2014
: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
  121
  32
  41
: WOS:000347022200004
: None
OVATION Prime-2013: Extension of auroral precipitation model to higher disturbance levels
:   Newell, P. T.; Liou, K.; Zhang, Y.; Sotirelis, T.; Paxton, L. J.; Mitchell, E. J.
:JUN 2014
: Space Weather-the International Journal of Research and Applications
  12
  368
  379
: WOS:000339509900005
: None
Observations of field line resonance with global auroral images
:   Liou, K.; Takahashi, K.
:DEC 2013
: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
  105
  152
  159
: WOS:000328913100017
: None
Assessment of the auroral electrojet index performance under various geomagnetic conditions
:   Liou, K.; Takahashi, K.; Anderson, B. J.; Nose, M.; Iyemori, T.
:JAN 2013
: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
  92
  31
  36
: WOS:000314624600005
: None
Ionospheric Response to Solar Wind Pressure Pulses Under Northward IMF Conditions
:   Liou, Kan; Han, Desheng; Yang, Huigen
:APR 2013
: Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
  24
  183
  195
: WOS:000329894400004
: None
Statistical comparison of isolated and non-isolated auroral substorms
:   Liou, Kan; Newell, Patrick T.; Zhang, Yong-Liang; Paxton, Larry J.
:MAY 2013
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  118
  2466
  2477
: WOS:000325215800055
: None
Magnetohydrodynamic Fast Shocks and Their Relation to Solar Energetic Particle Event Intensities
:   Liou, Kan; Wu, Chin-Chun; Dryer, Murray; Wu, Shi-Tsan; Berdichevsky, Daniel B.; Plunkett, Simon; Mewaldt, Richard A.; Mason, Glenn M.
:APR 2013
: Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
  24
  165
  173
: WOS:000329894400002
: None
OVATION-SM: A model of auroral precipitation based on SuperMAG generalized auroral electrojet and substorm onset times
:   Mitchell, E. J.; Newell, P. T.; Gjerloev, J. W.; Liou, K.
:JUN 2013
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  118
  3747
  3759
: WOS:000325217100093
: None
Investigation of Solar/Heliospheric Anomalies Associated with the Solar Minimum of 2007-2008
:   Wu, Chin-Chun; Liou, Kan; Plunkett, Simon; Fry, Craig Daniel; Wu, Shi-Tsan
:APR 2013
: Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
  24
  243
  252
: WOS:000329894400010
: None
A statistical study of energy release and transport midway between the magnetic reconnection and initial dipolarization regions in the near-Earth magnetotail associated with substorm expansion onsets
:   Miyashita, Y.; Machida, S.; Nose, M.; Liou, K.; Saito, Y.; Paterson, W. R.
:NOV 17 2012
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  117
  --
  --
: WOS:000311253100002
: None
TIMED/GUVI observation of solar illumination effect on auroral energy deposition
:   Liou, K.; Zhang, Y. -L.; Newell, P. T.; Paxton, L. J.; Carbary, J. F.
:SEP 10 2011
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  116
  --
  --
: WOS:000294799400003
: None
Successive substorm expansions during a period of prolonged northward interplanetary magnetic field
:   Miyashita, Y.; Kamide, Y.; Liou, K.; Wu, C. -C.; Ieda, A.; Nishitani, N.; Machida, S.; Saito, Y.; Mukai, T.
:SEP 20 2011
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  116
  --
  --
: WOS:000295261500001
: None
Solar wind driving and substorm triggering
:   Newell, Patrick T.; Liou, Kan
:MAR 31 2011
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  116
  --
  --
: WOS:000289084400004
: None
AKR modulation and global Pi2 oscillation
:   Uozumi, Teiji; Yumoto, K.; Tokunaga, T.; Solovyev, S. I.; Shevtsov, B. M.; Marshall, R.; Liou, K.; Ohtani, S.; Abe, S.; Ikeda, A.; Kitamura, K.; Yoshikawa, A.; Kawano, H.; Itonaga, M.
:JUN 23 2011
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  116
  --
  --
: WOS:000292152500001
: None
Global three-dimensional simulation of the interplanetary evolution of the observed geoeffective coronal mass ejection during the epoch 1-4 August 2010
:   Wu, Chin-Chun; Dryer, Murray; Wu, S. T.; Wood, Brian E.; Fry, Craig D.; Liou, Kan; Plunkett, Simon
:DEC 13 2011
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  116
  --
  --
: WOS:000298262200002
: None
Relatively low-latitude wave aurora and substorms
:   Lee, Anna R.; Newell, Patrick T.; Gjerloev, Jesper; Liou, Kan
:MAR 16 2010
: Geophysical Research Letters
  37
  --
  --
: WOS:000275856700002
: None
On the azimuthal location of auroral breakup: Hemispheric asymmetry
:   Liou, K.; Newell, P. T.
:DEC 11 2010
: Geophysical Research Letters
  37
  --
  --
: WOS:000285255900001
: None
Polar Ultraviolet Imager observation of auroral breakup
:   Liou, Kan
:DEC 9 2010
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  115
  --
  --
: WOS:000285256100001
: None
Plasma sheet changes caused by sudden enhancements of the solar wind pressure
:   Miyashita, Y.; Keika, K.; Liou, K.; Machida, S.; Kamide, Y.; Miyoshi, Y.; Matsumoto, Y.; Shinohara, I.; Saito, Y.; Mukai, T.
:MAY 20 2010
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  115
  --
  --
: WOS:000277967900001
: None
Pressure changes associated with substorm depolarization in the near-Earth plasma sheet
:   Miyashita, Y.; Machida, S.; Ieda, A.; Nagata, D.; Kamide, Y.; Nose, M.; Liou, K.; Mukai, T.; Christon, S. P.; Russell, C. T.; Shinohara, I.; Saito, Y.
:DEC 17 2010
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  115
  --
  --
: WOS:000285469600001
: None
Two-step evolution of auroral acceleration at substorm onset
:   Morioka, A.; Miyoshi, Y.; Miyashita, Y.; Kasaba, Y.; Misawa, H.; Tsuchiya, F.; Kataoka, R.; Kadokura, A.; Mukai, T.; Yumoto, K.; Menietti, D. J.; Parks, G.; Liou, K.; Honary, F.; Donovan, E.
:NOV 19 2010
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  115
  --
  --
: WOS:000284488000003
: None
Predictive ability of four auroral precipitation models as evaluated using Polar UVI global images
:   Newell, P. T.; Sotirelis, T.; Liou, K.; Lee, A. R.; Wing, S.; Green, J.; Redmon, R.
:DEC 9 2010
: Space Weather-the International Journal of Research and Applications
  8
  --
  --
: WOS:000285258400002
: None
Substorm cycle dependence of various types of aurora
:   Newell, Patrick T.; Lee, Anna R.; Liou, Kan; Ohtani, Shin-I.; Sotirelis, Thomas; Wing, Simon
:SEP 28 2010
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  115
  --
  --
: WOS:000282513000009
: None
Multisatellite low-altitude observations of a magnetopause merging burst
:   Newell, Patrick T.; Lee, Anna R.; Liou, Kan; Ohtani, Shin; Wing, Simon; Hairston, Marc
:NOV 9 2010
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  115
  --
  --
: WOS:000284224300002
: None
Stepwise feature of aurora during substorm expansion compared with the near-Earth tail dipolarization: Possible types of substorm dynamics
:   Saito, M. H.; Miyashita, Y.; Fujimoto, M.; Liou, K.; Saito, Y.; Sigwarth, J. B.
:FEB 12 2010
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  115
  --
  --
: WOS:000274465300003
: None
Comment on "Wavelet-based ULF wave diagnosis of substorm expansion phase onset" by K. Murphy et al.
:   Liou, K.; Zhang, Y. -L.
:OCT 17 2009
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  114
  --
  --
: WOS:000270945100001
: None
Statistical visualization of the Earth's magnetotail based on Geotail data and the implied substorm model
:   Machida, S.; Miyashita, Y.; Ieda, A.; Nose, M.; Nagata, D.; Liou, K.; Obara, T.; Nishida, A.; Saito, Y.; Mukai, T.
:2009
: Annales Geophysicae
  27
  1035
  1046
: WOS:000264676500013
: None
A state-of-the-art picture of substorm-associated evolution of the near-Earth magnetotail obtained from superposed epoch analysis
:   Miyashita, Y.; Machida, S.; Kamide, Y.; Nagata, D.; Liou, K.; Fujimoto, M.; Ieda, A.; Saito, M. H.; Russell, C. T.; Christon, S. P.; Nose, M.; Frey, H. U.; Shinohara, I.; Mukai, T.; Saito, Y.; Hayakawa, H.
:JAN 22 2009
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  114
  --
  --
: WOS:000262753800001
: None
Polar cap particle precipitation and aurora: Review and commentary
:   Newell, Patrick T.; Liou, Kan; Wilson, Gordon R.
:FEB 2009
: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
  71
  199
  215
: WOS:000264084600003
: None
Propagation characteristics of Pi 2 pulsations observed at high- and low-latitude MAGDAS/CPMN stations: A statistical study
:   Uozumi, Teiji; Abe, S.; Kitamura, K.; Tokunaga, T.; Yoshikawa, A.; Kawano, H.; Marshall, R.; Morris, R. J.; Shevtsov, B. M.; Solovyev, S. I.; McNamara, D. J.; Liou, K.; Ohtani, S.; Itonaga, M.; Yumoto, K.
:NOV 17 2009
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  114
  --
  --
: WOS:000272000700001
: None
Longitudinal association between magnetotail reconnection and auroral breakup based on Geotail and Polar observations
:   Ieda, A.; Fairfield, D. H.; Slavin, J. A.; Liou, K.; Meng, C. -I.; Machida, S.; Miyashita, Y.; Mukai, T.; Saito, Y.; Nose, M.; Shue, J. -H.; Parks, G. K.; Fillingim, M. O.
:AUG 6 2008
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  113
  --
  --
: WOS:000258341800004
: None
Oscillations of the equatorward boundary of the ion auroral oval - radar observations
:   Jayachandran, P. T.; Sato, N.; Ebihara, Y.; Yukimatu, A. S.; Kadokura, A.; MacDougall, J. W.; Donovan, E. F.; Liou, K.
:AUG 7 2008
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  113
  --
  --
: WOS:000258341900002
: None
Polar Ultraviolet Imager observations of solar wind-driven ULF auroral pulsations
:   Liou, K.; Takahashi, K.; Newell, P. T.; Yumoto, K.
:AUG 16 2008
: Geophysical Research Letters
  35
  --
  --
: WOS:000258509900005
: None
Pairs of solar wind-magnetosphere coupling functions: Combining a merging term with a viscous term works best
:   Newell, P. T.; Sotirelis, T.; Liou, K.; Rich, F. J.
:APR 22 2008
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  113
  --
  --
: WOS:000255461600002
: None
Ballooning mode waves prior to substorm-associated dipolarizations: Geotail observations
:   Saito, M. H.; Miyashita, Y.; Fujimoto, M.; Shinohara, I.; Saito, Y.; Liou, K.; Mukai, T.
:APR 3 2008
: Geophysical Research Letters
  35
  --
  --
: WOS:000254716600008
: None
Variation of ionospheric total electron content in Taiwan region of the equatorial anomaly from 1994 to 2003
:   Wu, Chin-Chun; Liou, K.; Shan, Shao-Ju; Tseng, C. -L.
:2008
: Advances in Space Research
  41
  611
  616
: WOS:000253590700010
: None
Large, abrupt pressure decreases as a substorm onset trigger
:   Liou, Kan
:JUL 21 2007
: Geophysical Research Letters
  34
  --
  --
: WOS:000248285300002
: None
"Compression aurora'': Particle precipitation driven by long-duration high solar wind ram pressure
:   Liou, Kan; Newell, Patrick T.; Shue, Jih-Hong; Meng, Ching-I; Miyashita, Yukinaga; Kojima, Hirotsugu; Matsumoto, Hiroshi
:NOV 28 2007
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  112
  --
  --
: WOS:000251348900001
: None
A nearly universal solar wind-magnetosphere coupling function inferred from 10 magnetospheric state variables
:   Newell, P. T.; Sotirelis, T.; Liou, K.; Meng, C. -I.; Rich, F. J.
:JAN 12 2007
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  112
  --
  --
: WOS:000243532000002
: None
Three-dimensional global simulation of multiple ICMEs' interaction and propagation from the Sun to the heliosphere following the 25-28 October 2003 solar events
:   Wu, C. C.; Fry, C. D.; Dryer, M.; Wu, S. T.; Thompson, B.; Liou, Kan; Feng, X. S.
:2007
: Advances in Space Research
  40
  1827
  1834
: WOS:000253590300008
: None
Three-dimensional global simulation of interplanetary coronal mass ejection propagation from the Sun to the heliosphere: Solar event of 12 May 1997
:   Wu, Chin-Chun; Fry, C. D.; Wu, S. T.; Dryer, M.; Liou, Kan
:SEP 22 2007
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  112
  --
  --
: WOS:000249690300003
: None
Global auroral response to negative pressure impulses
:   Liou, K.; Newell, P. T.; Sotirelis, T.; Meng, C. -I.
:JUN 3 2006
: Geophysical Research Letters
  33
  --
  --
: WOS:000238069600001
: None
On the interplanetary magnetic field B-y control of substorm bulge expansion
:   Liou, Kan; Meng, Ching-I; Wu, Chin-Chun
:SEP 21 2006
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  111
  --
  --
: WOS:000240829500002
: None
A case study of relationship between substorm expansion and global plasma convection
:   Liou, K; Ruohoniemi, JM
:JAN 25 2006
: Geophysical Research Letters
  33
  --
  --
: WOS:000235025600003
: None
Magnetotail variations associated with substorm expansion onsets for storm time and nonstorm time
:   Miyashita, Y.; Kamide, Y.; Miyoshi, Y.; Machida, S.; Liou, K.; Mukai, T.; Saito, Y.; Meng, C. -I.; Parks, G. K.
:DEC 19 2006
: Geophysical Research Letters
  33
  --
  --
: WOS:000243105700008
: None
Cusp latitude and the optimal solar wind coupling function
:   Newell, P. T.; Sotirelis, T.; Liou, K.; Meng, C. -I.; Rich, F. J.
:SEP 15 2006
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  111
  --
  --
: WOS:000240647600007
: None
Longitudinal dependence of characteristics of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations observed at Kakioka and Hermanus
:   Nose, M; Liou, K; Sutcliffe, PR
:2006
: Earth Planets and Space
  58
  775
  783
: WOS:000238352600013
: None
Precipitation and total power consumption in the ionosphere: Global MHD simulation results compared with Polar and SNOE observations
:   Palmroth, M.; Janhunen, P.; Germany, G.; Lummerzheim, D.; Liou, K.; Baker, D. N.; Barth, C.; Weatherwax, A. T.; Watermann, J.
:2006
: Annales Geophysicae
  24
  861
  872
: WOS:000239074400006
: None
Meso-scale aurora within the expansion phase bulge
:   Partamies, N.; Kauristie, K.; Donovan, E.; Spanswick, E.; Liou, K.
:2006
: Annales Geophysicae
  24
  2209
  2218
: WOS:000241280900013
: None
Ionospheric characteristics of the dusk-side branch of the two-cell aurora
:   Shue, JH; Newell, PT; Liou, K; Meng, CI; Hairston, MR; Rich, FJ
:2006
: Annales Geophysicae
  24
  203
  214
: WOS:000236610900016
: None
Global and local equatorward expansion of the ion auroral oval before substorm onsets
:   Jayachandran, PT; Donovan, EF; MacDougall, JW; Moorcroft, DR; Liou, K; Newell, PT; St-Maurice, JP
:MAY 7 2005
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  110
  --
  --
: WOS:000229148300002
: None
Observations of ionospheric plasma flows within theta auroras
:   Liou, K; Ruohoniemi, JM; Newell, PT; Greenwald, R; Meng, CI; Hairston, MR
:MAR 15 2005
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  110
  --
  --
: WOS:000227880500004
: None
Plasmoids observed in the near-Earth magnetotail at X similar to-7 R-E
:   Miyashita, Y; Ieda, A; Kamide, Y; Machida, S; Mukai, T; Saito, Y; Liou, K; Meng, CI; Parks, GK; McEntire, RW; Nishitani, N; Lester, M; Sofko, GJ; Villain, JP
:DEC 16 2005
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  110
  --
  --
: WOS:000234296200006
: None
Source of Pc4 pulsations observed on the nightside
:   Takahashi, K; Liou, K; Yumoto, K; Kitamura, K; Nose, M; Honary, F
:DEC 9 2005
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  110
  --
  --
: WOS:000234250600002
: None
On the relationship between shock-induced polar magnetic bays and solar wind parameters
:   Liou, K; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Wu, CC; Lepping, RP
:JUN 22 2004
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  109
  --
  --
: WOS:000222778000005
: None
Substorm timings and timescales: A new aspect
:   Meng, CI; Liou, K
:2004
: Space Science Reviews
  113
  41
  75
: WOS:000224101100002
: None
Difference in magnetotail variations between intense and weak substorms
:   Miyashita, Y; Kamide, Y; Machida, S; Liou, K; Mukai, T; Saito, Y; Ieda, A; Meng, CI; Parks, GK
:NOV 3 2004
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  109
  --
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: WOS:000225032700003
: None
Auroral streamers: characteristics of associated precipitation, convection and field-aligned currents
:   Sergeev, VA; Liou, K; Newell, PT; Ohtani, SI; Hairston, MR; Rich, F
:2004
: Annales Geophysicae
  22
  537
  548
: WOS:000189356400016
: None
Longitudinal structure of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations and its dependence on aurora
:   Takahashi, K; Liou, K
:DEC 10 2004
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  109
  --
  --
: WOS:000225880700006
: None
Propagation characteristics of Pi 2 magnetic pulsations observed at ground high latitudes
:   Uozumi, T; Yumoto, K; Kawano, H; Yoshikawa, A; Ohtani, S; Olson, JV; Akasofu, SI; Solovyev, SI; Vershinin, EF; Liou, K; Meng, CI
:AUG 13 2004
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  109
  --
  --
: WOS:000223345600001
: None
Annual TEC variation in the equatorial anomaly region during the solar minimum: September 1996-August 1997
:   Wu, CC; Fry, CD; Liu, JY; Liou, K; Tseng, CL
:FEB-MAR 2004
: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
  66
  199
  207
: WOS:000220120500001
: None
Identification of substorms within storms
:   Wu, CC; Liou, K; Lepping, RP; Meng, CI
:JAN 2004
: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
  66
  125
  132
: WOS:000188740100002
: None
Quiet time magnetotail plasma flow: Coordinated Polar ultraviolet images and Geotail observations
:   Ieda, A; Shue, JH; Liou, K; Ohtani, SI; Meng, CI; Fairfield, DH; Mukai, T; Saito, Y; Machida, S; Nagai, T; Parks, GK
:SEP 13 2003
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  108
  --
  --
: WOS:000189021200001
: None
Substorm associated changes in the high-latitude ionospheric convection
:   Jayachandran, PT; MacDougall, JW; Donovan, EF; Ruohoniemi, JM; Liou, K; Moorcroft, DR; St-Maurice, JP
:OCT 29 2003
: Geophysical Research Letters
  30
  --
  --
: WOS:000186394600001
: None
Bursty bulk flow intrusion to the inner plasma sheet as inferred from auroral observations
:   Kauristie, K; Sergeev, VA; Amm, O; Kubyshkina, MV; Jussila, J; Donovan, E; Liou, K
:JAN 28 2003
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  108
  --
  --
: WOS:000182907900003
: None
Correlation of auroral power with the polar cap index
:   Liou, K; Carbary, JF; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Rasmussen, O
:MAR 12 2003
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  108
  --
  --
: WOS:000182211400001
: None
Investigation of external triggering of substorms with Polar ultraviolet imager observations
:   Liou, K; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Wu, CC; Lepping, RP
:OCT 14 2003
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  108
  --
  --
: WOS:000186090600006
: None
A new technique for short-term forecast of auroral activity
:   Lui, ATY; Lai, WW; Liou, K; Meng, CI
:MAR 14 2003
: Geophysical Research Letters
  30
  --
  --
: WOS:000182152000004
: None
Evolution of the magnetotail associated with substorm auroral breakups
:   Miyashita, Y; Machida, S; Liou, K; Mukai, T; Saito, Y; Hayakawa, H; Meng, CI; Parks, GK
:SEP 30 2003
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  108
  --
  --
: WOS:000185893500004
: None
Relationship between magnetotail variations and auroral activities during substorms
:   Miyashita, Y; Machida, S; Liou, K; Mukai, T; Saito, Y; Meng, CI; Parks, GK
:JAN 15 2003
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  108
  --
  --
: WOS:000181800100002
: None
Quantitative relationships between plasma sheet fast flows and nightside auroral power
:   Shue, JH; Ohtani, S; Newell, PT; Liou, K; Meng, CI; Ieda, A; Mukai, T
:JUN 7 2003
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  108
  --
  --
: WOS:000183557400002
: None
Plasma sheet fast flows and auroral dynamics during substorm: a case study
:   Borodkova, NL; Yahnin, AG; Liou, K; Sauvaud, JA; Fedorov, AO; Lutsenko, VN; Nozdrachev, MN; Lyubchich, AA
:MAR 2002
: Annales Geophysicae
  20
  341
  347
: WOS:000174838700007
: None
Substorm onset location and the equatorward boundary of the proton auroral oval
:   Jayachandran, PT; MacDougall, JW; Moorcroft, DR; St-Maurice, JP; Liou, K; Newell, PT
:DEC 19 2002
: Geophysical Research Letters
  29
  --
  --
: WOS:000181197200001
: None
Magnetic dipolarization with substorm expansion onset
:   Liou, K; Meng, CI; Lui, ATY; Newell, PT; Wing, S
:JUL 2002
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  107
  --
  --
: WOS:000178982500019
: None
Midday sub-auroral patches (MSPs) associated with interplanetary shocks
:   Liou, K; Wu, CC; Lepping, RP; Newell, PT; Meng, CI
:AUG 21 2002
: Geophysical Research Letters
  29
  --
  --
: WOS:000179631200001
: None
Global auroral power as an index for geospace disturbances
:   Meng, CI; Liou, K
:JUN 15 2002
: Geophysical Research Letters
  29
  --
  --
: WOS:000178964100023
: None
The distribution of auroral power increases and decreases
:   Newell, PT; Liou, K; Skura, JP; Meng, CI
:DEC 27 2002
: Geophysical Research Letters
  29
  --
  --
: WOS:000181231400018
: None
OVATION: Oval variation, assessment, tracking, intensity, and online nowcasting
:   Newell, PT; Sotirelis, T; Ruohoniemi, JM; Carbary, JF; Liou, K; Skura, JP; Meng, CI; Deehr, C; Wilkinson, D; Rich, FJ
:JUL 2002
: Annales Geophysicae
  20
  1039
  1047
: WOS:000177402900015
: None
Solar wind density and velocity control of auroral brightness under normal interplanetary magnetic field conditions
:   Shue, JH; Newell, PT; Liou, K; Meng, CI
:DEC 6 2002
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  107
  --
  --
: WOS:000181027000001
: None
Interplanetary magnetic field B-x asymmetry effect on auroral brightness
:   Shue, JH; Newell, PT; Liou, K; Meng, CI; Cowley, SWH
:AUG 21 2002
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  107
  --
  --
: WOS:000179634400004
: None
Two-component auroras
:   Shue, JH; Newell, PT; Liou, K; Meng, CI; Kamide, Y; Lepping, RP
:MAY 15 2002
: Geophysical Research Letters
  29
  --
  --
: WOS:000178888300127
: None
Correlative study of ultraviolet aurora and low-latitude Pi2 pulsations
:   Takahashi, K; Liou, K; Yumoto, K
:DEC 3 2002
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  107
  --
  --
: WOS:000181026100004
: None
Statistical patterns in X-ray and UV auroral emissions and energetic electron precipitation
:   Anderson, PC; Petrinec, SM; Liou, K
:APR 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  5907
  5911
: WOS:000167895100030
: None
Plasmoid ejection and auroral brightenings
:   Ieda, A; Fairfield, DH; Mukai, T; Saito, Y; Kokubun, S; Liou, K; Meng, CI; Parks, GK; Brittnacher, MJ
:MAR 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  3845
  3857
: WOS:000167264000021
: None
Particle injections with auroral expansions
:   Liou, K; Meng, CI; Newell, PT; Lui, ATY; Reeves, GD; Belian, RD
:APR 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  5873
  5881
: WOS:000167895100027
: None
Seasonal effects on auroral particle acceleration and precipitation
:   Liou, K; Newell, PT; Meng, CI
:APR 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  5531
  5542
: WOS:000167895100001
: None
Comment on "Evaluation of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations as indicators of substorm onset using Polar ultraviolet imagery" by K. Liou, et al. - Reply
:   Liou, K; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Takahashi, K; Ohtani, SI; Lui, ATY; Brittnacher, M; Parks, G
:SEP 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  18923
  18926
: WOS:000170739600038
: None
Observation of IMF and seasonal effects in the location of auroral substorm onset
:   Liou, K; Newell, PT; Sibeck, DG; Meng, CI; Brittnacher, M; Parks, G
:APR 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  5799
  5810
: WOS:000167895100022
: None
Asymmetric sunlight effect on dayside/nightside auroral precipitation
:   Meng, CI; Liou, K; Newell, PT
:2001
: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Part C-Solar-Terrestial and Planetary Science
  26
  43
  47
: WOS:000166558400006
: None
Flow bursts and auroral activations: Onset timing and foot point location
:   Nakamura, R; Baumjohann, W; Brittnacher, M; Sergeev, VA; Kubyshkina, M; Mukai, T; Liou, K
:JUN 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  10777
  10789
: WOS:000168905400026
: None
Earthward flow bursts, auroral streamers, and small expansions
:   Nakamura, R; Baumjohann, W; Schodel, R; Brittnacher, M; Sergeev, VA; Kubyshkina, M; Mukai, T; Liou, K
:JUN 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  10791
  10802
: WOS:000168905400027
: None
Auroral precipitation power during substorms: A Polar UV Imager-based superposed epoch analysis
:   Newell, PT; Liou, K; Sotirelis, T; Meng, CI
:DEC 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  28885
  28896
: WOS:000173728500008
: None
Polar Ultraviolet Imager observations of global auroral power as a function of polar cap size and magnetotail stretching
:   Newell, PT; Liou, K; Sotirelis, T; Meng, CI
:APR 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  5895
  5905
: WOS:000167895100029
: None
Substorm and convection bay compared: Auroral and magnetotail dynamics during convection bay
:   Sergeev, VA; Kubyshkina, MV; Liou, K; Newell, PT; Parks, G; Nakamura, R; Mukai, T
:SEP 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  18843
  18855
: WOS:000170739600029
: None
Influence of interplanetary magnetic field on global auroral patterns
:   Shue, JH; Newell, PT; Liou, K; Meng, CI
:APR 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  5913
  5926
: WOS:000167895100031
: None
The quantitative relationship between auroral brightness and solar EUV Pedersen conductance
:   Shue, JH; Newell, PT; Liou, K; Meng, CI
:APR 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  5883
  5894
: WOS:000167895100028
: None
Auroral polar cap boundary ion conic outflow observed on FAST
:   Tung, YK; Carlson, CW; McFadden, JP; Klumpar, DM; Parks, GK; Peria, WJ; Liou, K
:MAR 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  3603
  3614
: WOS:000167264000001
: None
Polar UVI observations of dayside auroral transient events
:   Vorobjev, VG; Yagodkina, OI; Sibeck, DG; Liou, K; Meng, CI
:DEC 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  28897
  28911
: WOS:000173728500009
: None
Aurora conjugacy during substorms: Coordinated antarctic ground and polar ultraviolet observations
:   Vorobjev, VG; Yagodkina, OI; Sibeck, D; Liou, K; Meng, CI
:NOV 1 2001
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  106
  24579
  24591
: WOS:000172049300008
: None
Estimation of global field aligned currents using the Iridium((R)) System magnetometer data
:   Waters, CL; Anderson, BJ; Liou, K
:JUN 1 2001
: Geophysical Research Letters
  28
  2165
  2168
: WOS:000168831000007
: None
Global Positioning System phase fluctuations and ultraviolet images from the Polar satellite
:   Aarons, J; Lin, B; Mendillo, M; Liou, K; Codrescu, M
:MAR 1 2000
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  105
  5201
  5213
: WOS:000085581600012
: None
"Blob" analysis of auroral substorm dynamics
:   Carbary, JF; Liou, K; Lui, ATY; Newell, PT; Meng, CI
:JUL 1 2000
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  105
  16083
  16091
: WOS:000087962100029
: None
Auroral kilometric radiation at substorm onset
:   Liou, K; Meng, CI; Lui, ATY; Newell, PT; Anderson, RR
:NOV 1 2000
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  105
  25325
  25331
: WOS:000165096300033
: None
Evaluation of low-latitude Pi2 pulsations as indicators of substorm onset using Polar ultraviolet imagery
:   Liou, K; Meng, CI; Newell, PT; Takahashi, K; Ohtani, SI; Lui, ATY; Brittnacher, M; Parks, G
:FEB 1 2000
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  105
  2495
  2505
: WOS:000085189300015
: None
Is the dynamic magnetosphere an avalanching system?
:   Lui, ATY; Chapman, SC; Liou, K; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Brittnacher, M; Parks, GD
:APR 1 2000
: Geophysical Research Letters
  27
  911
  914
: WOS:000086224500001
: None
Conjunction of tail satellites for substorm study: ISTP event of 1997 January 2
:   Lui, ATY; Liou, K; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Ohtani, S; McEntire, RW; Fox, NJ; Lepping, RP; Paterson, WR; Sigwarth, JB; Frank, LA; Kokubun, S; Parks, GK; Moretto, T; Yumoto, K
:JUL 1 2000
: Geophysical Research Letters
  27
  1831
  1834
: WOS:000088021600007
: None
Multiple-spacecraft observation of a narrow transient plasma jet in the Earth's plasma sheet
:   Sergeev, VA; Sauvaud, JA; Popescu, D; Kovrazhkin, RA; Liou, K; Newell, PT; Brittnacher, M; Parks, G; Nakamura, R; Mukai, T; Reeves, GD
:MAR 15 2000
: Geophysical Research Letters
  27
  851
  854
: WOS:000085868600029
: None
Study of a sequence of substorm onsets on the basis of coordinated ground-satellite observations
:   Tagirov, VR; Liou, K; Sibeck, DG; Arinin, VA
:2000
: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Part B-Hydrology Oceans and Atmosphere
  25
  559
  563
: WOS:000088871300031
: None
On relative timing in substorm onset signatures
:   Liou, K; Meng, CI; Lui, TY; Newell, PT; Brittnacher, M; Parks, G; Reeves, GD; Anderson, RR; Yumoto, K
:OCT 1 1999
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  104
  22807
  22817
: WOS:000082855100043
: None
Source region of 1500 MLT auroral bright spots: Simultaneous Polar UV-images and DMSP particle data
:   Liou, K; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Sotirelis, T; Brittnacher, M; Parks, G
:NOV 1 1999
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  104
  24587
  24602
: WOS:000083414700002
: None
Near-Earth dipolarization: Evidence for a non-MHD process
:   Lui, ATY; Liou, K; Nose, M; Ohtani, S; Williams, DJ; Mukai, T; Tsuruda, K; Kokubun, S
:OCT 1 1999
: Geophysical Research Letters
  26
  2905
  2908
: WOS:000082960700003
: None
Dynamics of double-theta aurora: Polar UVI study of January 10-11, 1997
:   Newell, PT; Liou, K; Meng, CI; Brittnacher, MJ; Parks, G
:JAN 1 1999
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  104
  95
  104
: WOS:000078116000008
: None
Development of auroral streamers in association with localized impulsive injections to the inner magnetotail
:   Sergeev, VA; Liou, K; Meng, CI; Newell, PT; Brittnacher, M; Parks, G; Reeves, GD
:FEB 1 1999
: Geophysical Research Letters
  26
  417
  420
: WOS:000078434300035
: None
Comprehensive study of the magnetospheric response to a hot flow anomaly
:   Sibeck, DG; Borodkova, NL; Schwartz, SJ; Owen, CJ; Kessel, R; Kokubun, S; Lepping, RP; Lin, R; Luhr, H; McEntire, RW; Meng, CI; Mukai, T; Nemecek, Z; Parks, G; Phan, TD; Romanov, SA; Safrankova, J; Sauvaud, JA; Singer, HJ; Solovyev, SI; Szabo, A; Takahashi, K; Williams, DJ; Yumoto, K; Zastenker, GN
:MAR 1 1999
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  104
  4577
  4593
: WOS:000078870000031
: None
Global substorm effect and convection jet under the conditions of continuous external driving: Multi-spacecraft observations on December 22-23, 1996
:   Yermolaev, YI; Zelenyi, LM; Borodkova, NL; Kovrazhkin, RA; Lutsenko, VN; Petrukovich, AA; Savin, SP; Skalsky, AA; Sergeev, VA; Mukai, T; Kokubun, S; Liou, K; Meng, CI; Parks, G; Sauvaud, JA
:APR 1999
: Czechoslovak Journal of Physics
  49
  625
  640
: WOS:000081891800007
: None
ULF field fluctuations in a "quiet" subsolar magnetosheath
:   Liou, K; Lin, CA
:MAR 1998
: Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
  9
  1
  14
: WOS:000074026500001
: None
Characteristics of the solar wind controlled auroral emissions
:   Liou, K; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Brittnacher, N; Parks, G
:AUG 1 1998
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  103
  17543
  17557
: WOS:000075186700029
: None
Ionospheric signature of a magnetic flux rope in the magnetotail
:   Lui, ATY; Brittnacher, MJ; Christon, SP; Eastman, TE; Kokubun, S; Liou, K; McEntire, RW; Meng, CI; Newell, PT; Parks, GK; Yamamoto, T; Williams, DJ
:OCT 1 1998
: Geophysical Research Letters
  25
  3733
  3736
: WOS:000076236500049
: None
Plasma and magnetic flux transport associated with auroral breakups
:   Lui, ATY; Liou, K; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Ohtani, SI; Ogino, T; Kokubun, S; Brittnacher, MJ; Parks, GK
:NOV 1 1998
: Geophysical Research Letters
  25
  4059
  4062
: WOS:000076839800036
: None
Dayside auroral activity as a possible precursor of substorm onsets: A survey using Polar ultraviolet imagery
:   Liou, E; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Lui, ATY; Brittnacher, M; Parks, G
:SEP 1 1997
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  102
  19835
  19843
: WOS:A1997XU86600010
: None
Synoptic auroral distribution: A survey using polar ultraviolet imagery
:   Liou, K; Newell, PT; Meng, CI; Brittnacher, M; Parks, G
:DEC 1 1997
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  102
  27197
  27205
: WOS:A1997YJ88800026
: None
Momentum coupling in the ''CRIT II'' critical ionization velocity experiment
:   Liou, K; Torbert, RB; Haerendel, G
:SEP 1 1996
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  101
  19649
  19657
: WOS:A1996VF25700002
: None
ON BA+ PRODUCTION IN THE CRIT-II EXPERIMENT
:   LIOU, K; TORBERT, RB
:APR 1 1995
: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics
  100
  5811
  5818
: WOS:A1995QR19500023
: None
OBSERVATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC OXYGEN CYCLOTRON WAVES IN A FLICKERING AURORA
:   LUND, EJ; LABELLE, J; TORBERT, RB; LIOU, K; PERIA, W; KLETZING, CA; KELLEY, MC; BAKER, SD; PRIMDAHL, F; STENBAEKNIELSEN, HC; RANTA, A; HAERENDEL, G; FREY, HU
:SEP 15 1995
: Geophysical Research Letters
  22
  2465
  2468
: WOS:A1995RW25100007
: None
PROMPT IONIZATION IN THE CRIT-II BARIUM RELEASES
:   TORBERT, RB; KLETZING, CA; LIOU, K; RAU, D
:MAY 22 1992
: Geophysical Research Letters
  19
  973
  976
: WOS:A1992HW34400005
: None
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